Site Measurements: 5 Step Guide To Do It Yourself
Site measurements are crucial part of architecture and interior design. We need to know the exact site sizes, any service lines going through the sites & bylaws applicable to make an efficient design. If you are reading this guide, then you definitely need help with your site measurements.
The first approach you should make is to get blueprints of your plot from the governing body (plan approval) of your area, may it be Municipal Corporation, development authority, etc. The plan they will provide you will have complete details of the site you need.
If you are not able to get the plot plan from the governing body, you should refer our steps guide mentioned below. You can also recheck the plan provided to you by governing body with these steps to ensure the sizes. But before that, you should know what important measurements you have to provide (Refer the figure below).
- Plot Line: is the line that marks the four sides of your land. It starts from the front i.e the road edge until the rear end. It also covers the length between right and left sides of your land. It gives us the full plot size. Eg. for A simple rectangular plot it is the perimeter of the rectangle i.e Plot Line = Perimeter = 2(A+B) where A=Lenght and B= Width of the plot)
- Boundary wall: As the name suggests, it is the wall at boundary of your plot (generally the sharing walls with adjacent buildings). Plot lines are to be marked with them.
- Offset: These are the distances marked from the plot lines to be kept as open areas inside the plots for safety purpose. Some plots have all the four offsets i.e. left, right, front and rear. Other ones may have just front or rear offsets. These should be accurate in order to get your plans approved.
- Zoning Lines: are the lines that zone out the plot into buildable (Building Footprint) and non-buildable area.
Tools you need to keep handy while doing measurements: Measuring tape and phone (To mark north), Paper & pen (to draw and write measurements). You should also ask a friend or family member along with you to hold one end of the measuring tape.
Your 5 Steps DIY Guide:
- Start from a corner of the plot. Let’s call it a reference point for us. Open your measuring tape and start measuring along one side of your plot. Make sure your measuring tape isn’t loose or slanted (i.e. diagonal) horizontally or vertically else the measurements will increase from the real ones. You measuring tape should be straight and intact. Measure all the four sides of your plot like this. If the tape is smaller than the plot length, you can use something as a mark and then continue to measure from there.
- No plot is exact rectangle, there are always some angles involved in them. You can refer latest Google maps and mark your plot lines in it to figure out angles.
- Mark the adjoining roads along with their width along the plot lines. Also mark the services lines (If any) passing through your plot like high tension wires, sewage pipe, etc. with height and depth.
- Mark the north of the plot. You can refer virtual compass or apps like Google maps for this on your phone.
- Mark the offset of the plot with the help of byelaws provided by the concerned governing body according to your plot area.
When you are finished with the required information, make a neat and readable drawing along with the sizes and required write-up on the paper and share it.